Ford made his Edinburgh debut back in 2007 and has gone on to win 46 caps for Scotland and toured with the British and Irish Lions to South Africa in 2009.
"I've loved being part of Edinburgh's development in the last four years, and I'm excited by the prospect of helping the club push on," said Ford.
"As a player, you always want to be part of a set-up that's going forward and I firmly believe that this is the right environment for me to carry on maturing.
"I look forward to enjoying more good times with Edinburgh. It's great to have my future sorted out, and I'm thrilled that future is with Edinburgh."
Nick Scrivener, the club's interim head coach, confirmed: "Ross putting pen to paper is a massive boost for everyone. He's a huge player for us in every sense, and resigning someone of that quality is a positive signal about where we're at as a club and where we want to go.
"Physically, Ross is a tremendous specimen: he's got all the ingredients you'd want in a modern hooker as well as a fantastic work ethic. We're looking to him to really be a leader, in terms of his own performance and how he influences those around him, and we look forward to working with him to ensure he continues to go from strength to strength over the next couple of years."